Kenya, situated in East Africa, occupies a strategic location bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, and Somalia to the northeast, with the Indian Ocean lying to its southeast. This geographical positioning grants the country a diverse landscape ranging from the coastal plains along the Indian Ocean to the Great Rift Valley cutting through the country’s center, and the highlands in the west.
Its climate varies greatly due to its diverse terrain. Coastal regions experience a tropical climate with high humidity and temperatures, while inland areas have more temperate climates. The central highlands enjoy a pleasant climate year-round, with cooler temperatures and occasional rainfall. Kenya’s northern regions are arid and semi-arid, characterized by dry, hot conditions.
What sets Kenya apart in East Africa is its remarkable array of natural wonders and cultural richness. The country is renowned for its abundant wildlife, making it a prime destination for safari enthusiasts. Iconic national parks and reserves such as the Maasai Mara, Amboseli, and Tsavo are home to the “Big Five” (lions, elephants, buffaloes, leopards, and rhinoceroses), as well as countless other species of mammals, birds, and reptiles. Witnessing the annual Great Wildebeest Migration in the Maasai Mara is a bucket-list experience for many travelers.
The country’s cultural diversity is another standout feature. It is home to more than 40 different ethnic groups, each with its own traditions, languages, and customs. Visitors can immerse themselves in the rich cultural tapestry of the country through interactions with local communities, attending traditional ceremonies, and exploring archaeological sites such as the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Lamu Old Town.